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FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS ABOUT THE HYPERBARIC CHAMBER

These are some of the beneficial effects that HBO (Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy) has on our organism Improves tissue hypoxia.

  • Increases the production of collagen (fundamental for skin regeneration) accelerating the healing process.
  • Diminishes inflammations and oedemas (accumulation of liquid in an organ or tissue).
  • Eliminates the action of anaerobic bacteria in infections.
  • Accelerates and increases the action of certain antibiotics.
  • Strengthens the immune system.
  • Promotes the formation of new blood capillaries (angiogenesis).
  • Stimulates bone tissue in the repair of fractures (osteogenesis).
  • Promotes the formation of new blood capillaries (angiogenesis).
  • Prepares and recovers tissue in surgeries. Helps to delimit recoverable tissues from non-viable ones. Increases the flow of stem cells.
  • Combats free radicals and increases the body's antioxidant function.
  • In cancer cells their sensitivity to chemo and radiotherapy increases.
  • Increases diuresis.
  • Improves some microbial diseases by eliminating the production of toxins by germs.

<b>Hyperbaric oxygenation</b> is an approved and accepted medical treatment for many diseases. Currently, the Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society (UHMS) establishes the following indications:

  • Gas embolism.
  • Carbon monoxide poisoning.
  • Gas gangrene.
  • Open fractures with crushing damage.
  • Decompression sickness.
  • Arterial insufficiency.
  • Severe anemia.
  • Intracranial abscess.
  • Necrotizing soft tissue infections.
  • Refractory osteomyelitis.
  • Radio necrosis of soft tissues (cystitis, proctitis).
  • Compromised flaps and infertility.
  • Thermal burns.
  • Sudden deafness.

Hyperbaric oxygen therapy is highly recommended, of critical importance for the following cases: CO poisoning.

  • Open fractures with crushing damage.
  • Prevention of osteoradionecrosis after dental extraction.
  • Osteoradionecrosis of the jaw.
  • Radio necrosis of soft tissues (cystitis, proctitis).
  • Decompression sickness.
  • Gas embolism.
  • Anaerobic or mixed bacterial infections.
  • Sudden deafness.

Hyperbaric oxygen therapy is recommended and has a positive influence in the following cases: Diabetic foot injuries.

  • Necrosis of the femoral head.
  • Compromised skin grafts and musculocutaneous flaps.
  • Occlusion of the central artery of the retina.
  • Crushing without fracture.
  • Osteoradionecrosis (bones other than the jaw).
  • Radio-induced soft tissue lesions (other than cystitis and proctitis).
  • Surgery and implant in irradiated tissue (preventive treatment).
  • Ischemic ulcer
  • Chronic refractory osteomyelitis.
  • 2nd degree burns and more than 20% of the body.
  • Intestinal cystic pneumatises.
  • Phase IV neuroblastoma.

Hyperbaric oxygen therapy is of optional use at the discretion of the physician in these cases: Brain damage (acute and chronic brain injury, chronic ACVA, post-anorexic encephalopathy).

  • Radio induced laryngeal lesions.
  • Radio-induced CNS lesions.
  • Reperfusion syndrome after vascular procedure.
  • Preimplantation of members.
  • Vasculitis and difficult wounds in systemic diseases.
  • Sickle cell disease.
  • Interstitial cystitis.

Other HBO applications currently under study:

  • Migraines.
  • Osteomuscular pain.
  • Fibromyalgia.
  • Improved general condition, greater vitality.
  • Overtraining recovery.
  • Modulation of immunity.
  • Intestinal ulcerative diseases.

Despite the health benefits that HBO can offer, it also has some undesirable effects:

  • Ostitis, sinusitis.
  • Sensation of claustrophobia.
  • Transient myopia.
  • Cataract ripening.

The more serious but less frequent:

  • Seizures (Paul-Bert effect).
  • Pulmonary toxicity (Lorraine-Smith effect).

To avoid possible adverse effects of Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy, it is advisable to take into account:

  • Correct evaluation of the patient.
  • Slow pressurization
  • Very slow depressurization.
  • Be careful if seizures appear.
  

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